Manual Section 3...


Miscellaneous How-To's

Return  to Main IndexAnonymous FTP Setup
 Your anonymous ftp site is completely different from your web site. When people ftp to your domain anonymously, they will see the following directories:
    bin/ dev/ etc/ incoming/ lib/ pub/
"pub" is where you should put all your anonymously accessible files.
"incoming" is for the anonymous users to upload files.

 For security the following applies:
  • Only the incoming directory can be written to anonymously
  • Subdirectories are not creatable
  • The incoming directory is not readable by people dropping files there
 You are responsible for any "pirated" software uploaded by the anonymous users. The anonymous ftp sites will be periodically monitored for any abuses.
You may ignore the other directories.
Access Via The Web
 To access the anonymous FTP site via the web, use the following
 Your HTML to download a file called mirc511s.exe from a webpage would look like this:
 <A HREF="">Download Mirc Now</A>

 You should tell your visitors that they may need to right-click on the link if they are PC users, or if they use a Macintosh, they need to hold down the mouse button on the link, then select the appropriate option  from the Pop-up menu.

 Please note it's possible during peak hours to receive a "too many anonymous users error", We must restrict the number of simultaneous anonymous users to keep the webserver and normal FTP performance within normal limits. If you receive this error often you may want to put you downloadable files in your main web directory and link to them with an http call
 This assumes the zip files are in the main web directory.

 Note - if your customer experiences slow download performance, chances are it's a problem on the internet. We maintain a large margin of available bandwidth so bottlenecks never occur within our network. Please feel free to send an inquiry to be sure all the servers are operating properly, if you include there ISP's IP# we will run traceroutes to see where the delays are occurring.

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Password Protected Web Directory
 NOTE: This feature is not installed on new sites, password protecting a subdirectory can now be done with the PlusMail control panel.

Virtual Publisher Security System (for qualifying accounts).
To password protect different directories on your domain you can use the Virtual Publisher Security System (for qualifying accounts). If you have this on your account, the administrator's page with directions and forms for entering new directories and users is found at:

Netscape or Internet Explorer
 Using Netscape or Internet Explorer, you can create secure
 directories and add users and passwords. The admin page is very
 simple to use. Just avoid adding groups or users with spaces in their
 names as this produces errors.

Note for Front Page users: The password administration script works poorly on FrontPage for sites. You will still receive it installed by default but we cannot provide any support if you choose to use it. Below are some guidelines you should follow. It is very important that any directory you are trying to protect be world readable and Writable. This is done by the following Unix command: chmod 777 directory-name. The main directory and any subdirectories will need to be changed in this way. Also make the /password directory chmod -R 777.

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Setting up Your Own "404:File Not Found" Error Page
 A file already exists in the www directory of your server. It's called missing.html. You can edit it to your liking, or create your own. As long as it's called missing.html and it's in your root www directory, the server will display it whenever someone tries to access a page on your domain that does not exist.

Long File Names
There is no limitation for the length of file names on the server. However, only names containing from 3-16 letters are legal for email accounts,  FTP accounts, and Telnet accounts.

Zip/Unzip Files
 This Unix program is compatible with the zip program for DOS and Windows. To zip files, first have the files uploaded to your server, then log into your account with Telnet. Navigate to the directory where the files are that you want to zip. 
(for instance by typing cd www then cd sounds). 
    Then type: zip myzip file1 file2 file3
This puts the files "file1", "file2", and "file3" into a new zip archive called 
On the other hand, if you had the archive"" and wanted to get back the files, you would type: unzip myzip

 Typing zip or unzip by itself will give you a usage summary, showing nearly all the options available.

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Other ProgramsMiva Merchant
Miva Merchant is a multi-page fully web administered shopping cart. You must purchase a license to use this. We will place the proper files into your Home Directory after you purchase a license on your domain.  This is generally done within 24 hours of purchase with the exception of Saturday.

Basic Setup
Using your web browser, do the following:

  • Go to:
  •  Fill in the information.  You will need a valid license to proceed.
  •  After filling in the basic info, you will be asked to verify paths.
     URL to Miva Merchant:
 Secure URL to Miva Merchant:
 Secure URL to Miva Merchant Administration:
 Base URL for Graphics:
 Secure Base URL for Graphics:

Note: in the secure calls above, "machine" must be replaced with the name of the system you're located on (how to identify the name of your secure server).

Miva will answer any question or problems that may arise during your configuration generally you can completely setup your shopping cart with no problems. Please note that WebNests does not support Miva Merchant, you must contact Miva for support.

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Real Audio/Real Video
Real Audio is a real time audio transmission/player system. A digital audio stream is transmitted from the server over the Internet to the destination and played immediately, rather than being stored to disk first and then played.

Each audio clip requires two files: a metafile with extension .ram, and the digital audio clip itself, with extension .ra.

The .ram file holds one or more lines of ASCII text, each of which references the .ra file to be played when the .ram file is accessed by the browser. Entries in .ram files have the form:

    pnm:// or

Place your .ram and .ra files in the realaudio subdirectory, which is found in your www directory.
Important: .ram files must be uploaded in ASCII mode while .ra files must be
uploaded in BINARY mode. 
You may then access these files via a web browser at:

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If you wish to to have a Majordomo listserver activated, see our form for requesting add-ons. Make sure it has a different name than the name of your domain. For instance if your domain is, you might want to ask for fredhappydomo.

Once we have set up your Majordomo listserver, you can get help by sending email to On the first line of your email, just type the word HELP. You will be sent a general help file. If you want more detailed instructions on using Majordomo, send email to for full instructions.

Another great resource for Majordomo information is:

PHP3 is a 3rd party scripting engine. Please Note: We do not  provide support for PHP3.  We have added it for users that our already familiar with it.  To use PHP3 on your domain just end the php pagewith .php3 rather than .html

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Microsoft FrontPage
Microsoft FrontPage is a WYSIWYG (what you see is what you get) web building program. If you use, or plan to use FrontPage to build and manage your website you must be sure to indicate this when opening your account. FrontPage requires special "extensions" installed on the server. If you do not have a FrontPage Account, you will need to contact us to have your account modified before your FrontPage Web will work. 

Publishing Your FrontPage Web
After you have built your web pages on your computer, you will be ready to publish them. Basically, this just means that you will upload them to our server. Once this is done, your pages will be viewable from the web.  However, you must do this in the following manner. Warning: FrontPage Account holders should never use FTP to transfer files as it can damage the FrontPage extensions.
1.  Launch FrontPage Explorer and open the web you’ve created on your computer.

2.  From the menu at the top of the window, select File, then Publish

3.  A)  If this is the first time you publish to our server, select More Webs and enter the location you want to publish your FrontPage web to. (  Hit Return (Enter) on your keyboard.
     B)  If you have published to the server before,  your "Destination Web Server" ( will appear in the Publish  window. 

 IMPORTANT: Use as the Destination Web Server to publish to our server. Leave the "Destination Web Name" blank.
 4.  You will be asked for your USERNAME and PASSWORD. This is your domain's User ID and your FrontPage Password (which may be different than your regular Telnet/FTP/POP password). If you're not sure what it is or if you aren't allowed past this point, you'll need to contact us for a new FrontPage password.

 5.  You can watch the progression of the upload by looking at the bottom left corner of FrontPage Explorer.

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Open Your Published Web
Once your FrontPage Web is published and online, you will need to access it to make updates and changes. Be sure that you are connected to the internet before attempting to open your web on our server.
 1. Open FrontPage Explorer and choose File > Open FrontPage Web.
 2. You can now choose to open a previously created web on your PC  or your web on our server.
 3. Highlight the appropriate web or type in the web address ( and click OK.
 4. Enter your Username and FrontPage Password if required.
 5. Make modifications and recalculate links if needed.  (See your FrontPage Manual for info on when it's necessary to recalculate links.)
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Troubleshooting Common Problems with FP98
The following are common problems and solutions encountered with using FrontPage and FrontPage98. If you are having a problem not listed here, please feel free to contact support for help.
 Getting error - "Root Web Busy"
 FTP or Telnet to your site and remove the "service.lck" file in /www/_vti_pvt.  This usually happens when a FrontPage session is interrupted before completion.

 Server timing out when publishing large sites.
 This difficulty arises when the uploading link times out in the process of copying the web to our server. The only suggestion Microsoft has offered so far is to break the main web into a group of sub webs on
 your PC, then upload these individually.  If this problem persists for you, please contact support.

 Getting Error - "Front Page Extensions not Installed"
We often see this error being reported even when the extensions have been installed.  If you get this error, please contact support and we'll make sure the extensions are installed and repair them if necessary.
 NOTE:  The extensions are easily corrupted.  Please use only FrontPage Explorer to update your web site on the server. Never use FTP.

 I published but my web's not there!
This will happen when the "Destination Web Name" is filled in when publishing to our server. This box should be left blank.  If you put any other name in this box it will create a subdirectory off of your root web and copy all of your files into it.  Your site will exist under a subdirectory instead of at the top level /www where it should be.

 My counter, bbs, guestbook, etc isn't working.
 These problems are generally due to incorrect permissions on either the directory, file(s) or cgi script(s) that are associated with them.  Please don't change the permissions of your files or directories unless you have a specific reason for doing so and you know what effect it will have on your site.

 My forms won't work through the Secure Server.
 The call to a cgi script using the Secure Server must not be within a webbot.  Use a normal cgi call in your html script for Secure Server calls.

 My search bot doesn't return any results.
The /www directory must be world readable AND you need to recalculate links BEFORE publishing (or after editing directly on the server).  If it still doesn't work:  FTP to the server and go to the /www/_vti_txt/default.wti directory.   Delete any files that begin with "ALL.". Don't delete any other files.  Then using Windows Explorer, do the same thing on your PC.  Recalculate links, test locally with your browser and publish.

 FP starts the Web Publishing Wizard when I try to publish.
 Cancel the operation and contact support to have the FP extensions installed/repaired.

 Why is my page renamed on the server when I publish?
 The "Default Document" of your web is automatically renamed by the server to what is required by the configuration of the server.  For example, if you've named the main page "index.html", it may be renamed
 "default.html".  Just check the links to your main page to make sure they refer to it the same way.

 NOTE: If you are using FrontPage, you should NEVER use regular FTP to upload your files. This will damage the extensions. Stick with one or the other all the time.

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